ABOUT KEDAH HISTORY

Recorded history shows that in the 5th century AD, traders plying the east-west trade route stopped at the port of Kuala Muda, using Gunung Jerai, Kedah's highest peak, as a navigational point.

The ruins of ancient Candi (temples) in the Bujang Valley show that a Hindu-Buddhist civilization existed here and may have been one of the first places to have come into contact with Indian traders. How important this kingdom was, is still being researched as more artifacts are unearthed.

During the 7th and 8th centuries, Kedah paid tribute to the Sumatran Srivijaya Empire. After the decline of the empire, it became a vassal state to the Thais until the 15th Century when the rise of Malacca led to the Islamization of the area. Kedah faced Portuguese and Achehnese attacks in the 17th century, but it again fell into Thai hands in 1821.

The Thais handed Kedah over to the British in 1909, and after the Japanese occupation, it became one of the states of the Malayan Union and subsequently the Federation of Malaya in 1948.

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Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Le Tour de Langkawi

Le Tour de Langkawi
De 20 lagene er klare.

Pressemelding:20 TEAMS CONFIRMED FOR LTDL 2010

THE final list of 20 teams to contest the 15th edition of Le Tour de Langkawi (LTdL) 2010 from March 1 to 7 has been confirmed with American team Kelly Benefit Services completing the line-up yesterday.
Apart from Kelly Benefit Strategies, which is registered in Minneapolis, the Colombian national team and Thailand have been roped in to replace ProTour teams Astana and Caisse d'Epargne who could not make the race, although they were on the initial list of the organisers.
The line-up for LTdL 2010 is led by one ProTour team, Footon-Servetto from Spain, two Professional Continental teams - ISD-Neri (Italy) and Vorarlberg-Corratec (Austria).
The remaining teams are made up of 12 Continental teams - Drapac-Porsche (Australia), Tabriz Petrochemical (Iran), Seoul Cycling Team (South Korea), Marco Polo Cycling Team (China), Aisan Racing Team (Japan), Max Success Sport (China), Le Tua Cycling Team (Malaysia), Team Geumsan Ginseng Asia (South Korea), Team Jayco-Skins (Australia), Azad University (Iran), Giant Asia Racing Team (Taiwan) and Kelly Benefit Strategies (USA).
Five national teams complete the line-up. They are South Africa, Kazakhstan, Colombia, Thailand and Malaysia.
The Colombian national team features the interesting return to LTdL of 2002 overall winner Hernan Dario Munoz, winner of the Genting Highlands stage for two consecutive years in 2002 and 2003 when he was riding for the Colombia-Selle Italia team under charismatic director Gianni Savio.
The Thai national team makes its first appearance in the Tour began in 1996, taking it's turn from the Indonesian and Philippines national teams who had been invited prior to this.
Apart from Kelly Benefit Services, three other Continental teams will be making their debuts in this year's race - Aisan Racing Team, Max Success Sports and Geumsan Ginseng, who will feature Malaysian sprinter Anuar Manan.
TEAM LIST - LTDL 2010

1 FOOTON-SEVETTO PROTOUR (SPAIN)
2 ISD-NERI (ITALY)
3 VORARLBERG-CORRATEC (AUSTRIA)
4 DRAPAC PORSCHE (AUSTRALIA)
5 TABRIZ PETROCHEMICAL (IRAN)
6 SEOUL CYCLING TEAM (SOUTH KOREA)
7 MARCO POLO CYCLING TEAM (CHINA)
8 AISAN RACING TEAM (JAPAN)
9 MAX SUCCESS SPORT (CHINA)
10 LE TUA CYCLING TEAM (MALAYSIA)
11 TEAM GEUMSAN GINSENG ASIA (SOUTH KOREA)
12 TEAM JAYCO- SKINS (AUSTRALIA)
13 AZAD UNIVERSITY (IRAN)
14 GIANT ASIA RACING TEAM (TAIWAN)
15 KELLY BENEFIT STRATEGIES (USA)
16 SOUTH AFRICA NATIONAL TEAM
17 KAZAKHSTAN NATIONAL TEAM
18 MALAYSIA NATIONAL TEAM
19 COLOMBIA NATIONAL TEAM
20 THAILAND NATIONAL TEAM

The 15th edition of the UCI (Hors Category) stage race will take place from Kota Bharu - Kuala Berang (174.5km); Kuala Terengganu - Chukai (182.3km); Pekan - Mersing (145.6km); Mersin-Parit Sulong (163.5km); Muar - Port Dickson (111.5km) Putrajaya - Genting Highlands (102.8km) and Kuala Kubu Baru - Dataran Merdeka (133.7km), covering a total distance of 1013.9km. A total of 120 riders from 20 teams including two local teams are expected to take part in the event, Le Tour de Langkawi 2010.

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THE POSTCARD CROSSING PROJECT

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“send a postcard and receive a postcard back from a random person somewhere in the world!”

ABOUT AMATEUR RADIO

Amateur radio service is defined in the Communication and Multimedia (Spectrum) Regulations 2000 as a radiocommunications service (covering both terrestrial and satellite) in which a station is used for the purpose of self traning, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by authorized persons who are interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without any pecuniary interest.

AMATEUR RADIO OPERATOR'S CERTIFICATE

Regulation 27(1) of the Communications and Multimedia (Technical Standards) Regulations 2000 states that no person shall undertake or conduct any activity in designated skil area unless that person is certified. Amateur radio operator has been gazetted as a designated skill area category under the regulation, hence to operate an amateur radio station a person needs to have an appropriate proficiency and skill i.e. certified in this area.

INTERFERENCE

Please ensure that the radio transmision does not cause interference to any other radio services. Regulation 15(1) of the Communications and Multemedia (Technical Standards) Regulations 2000 states that no person shall intentionally design, install, operate, maintain or modify any communications equipment in a manner is likely to cause interference with, impairment, mulfunction of, or harm to any communications equipment or any other equipment.

Regulation 15(2) of the regulation denotes that a person who contravenes this regulation commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding three hundred thousand ringgit (RM 300,000.00) or to imprisonment for a term of not exceeding three years or to both.

To eliminate the potential of interferences, the following procedures must be followed strictly:-

a) Ensure that suffient equipment, tools and test gear is available and can used to monitor and verify that your transmission does not cause any interference to other radio services.

b) You must responsible if your amateur radio is found to be the caused of interference. Immediate remedy action must be taken to rectify the problems in case of interference.

c) Ensure that the transmission do not exceed the level of over deviation.

d) Ensure that the radiated energy is always within the narrowest posible frequency bands for any class of emission in use.

e) The radiation of harmonics and spurious emissions should be suppressed to minimize interference.

Historical Description of Amateur Radio: From the Encyclopedia Britannica:-

Interest in amateur radio arose around the turn of the century, shortly after the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi successfully sent the first transatlantic wireless signal in 1901. The interference of amateur broadcasts with commercial and military transmissions led to the institution of government control in 1911. After World War I, amateurs became active in radio experimentation, contributing to developments in long-distance broadcasting and becoming the first radio operators successfully to exploit the upper medium-frequency and lower high-frequency radio bands. Over the years, amateur radio operators have also provided emergency communications during forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and other disasters. They serve as an important link between stricken communities and the outside world until normal communications are reestablished.Amateur radio operators in the United States are subject to international and federal regulations. There are five classes of licenses. Competence in the use of the International Morse Code and a knowledge of radio theory and regulation are required to obtain the advanced-level licenses. Amateur radio is allocated frequencies at the extreme high-frequency end of the medium-wave band, five groups of frequencies in the shortwave band, two groups in the veryhigh-frequency band, three in the ultrahigh-frequency band, and seven in the superhigh-frequency band for telegraphic and telephonic communication using amplitude and frequency modulation. There are restrictions on the power of the transmitters, and certain of the frequencies must be shared with due regard for the needs of other users.
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