Recorded history shows that in the 5th century AD, traders plying the east-west trade route stopped at the port of Kuala Muda, using Gunung Jerai, Kedah's highest peak, as a navigational point.

The ruins of ancient Candi (temples) in the Bujang Valley show that a Hindu-Buddhist civilization existed here and may have been one of the first places to have come into contact with Indian traders. How important this kingdom was, is still being researched as more artifacts are unearthed.

During the 7th and 8th centuries, Kedah paid tribute to the Sumatran Srivijaya Empire. After the decline of the empire, it became a vassal state to the Thais until the 15th Century when the rise of Malacca led to the Islamization of the area. Kedah faced Portuguese and Achehnese attacks in the 17th century, but it again fell into Thai hands in 1821.

The Thais handed Kedah over to the British in 1909, and after the Japanese occupation, it became one of the states of the Malayan Union and subsequently the Federation of Malaya in 1948.

All My Friends


Thursday, April 29, 2010

Image Of The Day

Ring of Fire

This new image from the Solar Dynamics Observatory’s Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) shows in great detail a solar prominence taken from a March 30, 2010 eruption. The twisting motion of the material is the most noticeable feature. Launched on Feb. 11, 2010, SDO is the most advanced spacecraft ever designed to study the sun. During its five-year mission, it will examine the sun's magnetic field and also provide a better understanding of the role the sun plays in Earth's atmospheric chemistry and climate. Since launch, engineers have been conducting testing and verification of the spacecraft’s components. Now fully operational, SDO will provide images with clarity 10 times better than high-definition television and will return more comprehensive science data faster than any other solar observing spacecraft.
Image Credit: NASA/SDO/AIA

Latest IceBridge Campaign News

In just over four weeks, scientists and crew have flown 14 successful missions over the Arctic Ocean and the Greenland Ice Sheet for more than 120 airtime hours, flying a distance greater than 1.5 times around the world. › Learn More

Scientists Say Ice Lurks in Asteroid's Cold Heart

Using a NASA funded telescope, Scientists have detected water-ice and carbon-based organic compounds on the surface of an asteroid, suggesting that some asteroids and comets were the water carriers for a primordial Earth. › Learn More




Thursday, April 22, 2010

NASA's New Eye on the Sun Delivers Stunning First Images

NASA's Solar Dynamics Observatory is returning early images that confirm an unprecedented new capability for understanding our sun's dynamic processes and effects on Earth. › Read More › Media Resources

Wednesday, April 21, 2010


From Patsy, Atlanta, Georgia, USA

Monday, April 19, 2010


From Kirsi (Amalia02), South East Finland.

STEREO Captures Huge Eruptive Prominence

The STEREO (Ahead) spacecraft caught a spectacular eruptive prominence in extreme UV light. The prominence appears to stretch almost halfway across the sun, about 50 million miles. › Read More › Download Video

Sunday, April 18, 2010

Bengkel Antenna 5/8 @ Astra @ Kaki Biawak

Bengkel Antenna 5/8 @ Astra @ Kaki Biawak akan diadakan pada 24 April 2010 bertempat di No. 186, Fasa 4, Bandar Perdana, Sungai Petani, Kedah, jam 8.30 malam dengan bayaran RM25.00 (Bahan-bahan untuk penyediaan Antenna akan disediakan). Kepada rakan-rakan Radio Amatur yang berminat di jemput hadir. Walau bagaimanapun bagi peserta-peserta yang berminat juga diharap dapat mengesahkan penyertaan dengan SEGERA bagi tujuan pembelian bahan-bahan, kerana bahan-bahan hanya akan disediakan mengikut jumlah peserta. Sebarang pertanyaan / pengesahan dan bayaran (Sebelum atau pada 20 April 2010) harap hubungi 9W2XAN (012-4469486), 9W2JGR (017-5512949) dan 9W2CJK (017-4532250). Sekian harap maklum. 73s.

Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Image Of The Day

Working in Tandem

Dwarfed by space shuttle Discovery and with Earth's horizon and the blackness of space providing the backdrop for the scene, NASA astronauts Rick Mastracchio (right) and Clayton Anderson worked in Discovery's aft payload bay during the mission's third and final spacewalk. During the six-hour, 24-minute spacewalk, Mastracchio and Anderson hooked up fluid lines of the new 1,700-pound tank, retrieved some micrometeoroid shields from the Quest airlock's exterior, relocated a portable foot restraint and prepared cables on the Zenith 1 truss for a spare Space to Ground Ku-Band antenna, two chores required before space shuttle Atlantis' STS-132/ULF-4 mission in May.
Image Credit: NASA

Final Transfers and News Conference for Crews

With the spacewalks complete, the crews worked on completing equipment and science experiment transfers.

Mastracchio and Anderson complete the installation of an ammonia tank during the final spacewalk, which began at 2:14 a.m. EDT. › Shuttle Section › HD Launch Video › TV Schedule › Comments

Tuesday, April 13, 2010


From Marina, Netherlands (Holland).

Spacewalkers "Camping Out" in Airlock

Discovery crew continues to transfer items from the Leonardo Multi-Purpose Logistics Module and prepare for the final spacewalk. › Shuttle Section › HD Launch Video › TV Schedule › Comments http://twitter.com/NASA_Astronauts

Image above: The aft section of the docked space shuttle Discovery and the station's robotic Canadarm2 are featured in this image photographed by an STS-131 crew member on the International Space Station. The Red Sea, Sinai Peninsula (center) and Nile River (left) are seen approximately 215 miles below. Image credit: NASA -->› Meet the STS-131 Crew

Monday, April 12, 2010

Image Of The Day

A Day's Work

During the second spacewalk of the STS-131 mission, NASA astronauts Rick Mastracchio and Clayton Anderson (out of frame) unhooked and removed the depleted ammonia tank and installed a 1,700-pound replacement on the station’s Starboard 1 truss. This was the second of three spacewalks in the coolant tank replacement process.
Image Credit: NASA

Friday, April 9, 2010


From Jane & Andrew, Peterborough in the East of England.

Clayton Anderson and Rick Mastracchio prepare to perform STS-131 mission's first spacewalk.

Clayton Anderson and Rick Mastracchio prepare to perform STS-131 mission's first spacewalk.› Shuttle Section › HD Launch Video › TV Schedule › Comments › @NASA_Astronauts

Image Of The Day

Pitch, Roll

This view of the underside of the crew cabin of the space shuttle Discovery was provided by the Expedition 23 crew during a survey as STS-131 approached the International Space Station. As part of the survey and part of every mission's activities, Discovery performed a back-flip for the rendezvous pitch maneuver (RPM). The image was photographed with a digital still camera, using a 400mm lens at a distance of about 600 feet (180 meters).
Image Credit: NASA

Finally..My Digital Mode Club (DMC) Membership Certificate

Thanks, 9M2IBR

Tuesday, April 6, 2010

Image Of The Day

Space shuttle Discovery's engines ignited at 6:21 a.m. EDT Monday, April 5, for liftoff of the STS-131 mission from Launch Pad 39A at NASA's Kennedy Space Center. The seven-member crew will deliver the multi-purpose logistics module Leonardo, filled with supplies, a new crew sleeping quarters and science racks that will be transferred to the International Space Station's laboratories. The crew also will switch out a gyroscope on the station’s truss, install a spare ammonia storage tank and retrieve a Japanese experiment from the station’s exterior. STS-131 is the 33rd shuttle mission to the station and the 131st shuttle mission.
Image Credit: NASA/Troy Cryder

Monday, April 5, 2010

New Expedition 23 Crew Members Welcomed Aboard Station

Three new flight engineers docked to the International Space Station aboard a Russian Soyuz TMA-18 spacecraft at 1:25 a.m. EDT Sunday, completing the Expedition 23 crew. › Station Section



Sunday, April 4, 2010

IV Water Filter May Open Medical Options for Astronauts

Technology for a water filtration system will get a major test during the STS-131 mission as it is called on to create water clean enough to be used intravenously, commonly referred to as an IV. › Learn More

Friday, April 2, 2010



Thursday, April 1, 2010

Image Of The Day


On April 1, 1960, a satellite designed by the Radio Corporation of America (RCA) launched to become the nation's first weather satellite. That satellite, the Television InfraRed Observational Satellite, or TIROS 1, operated for only 78 days but demonstrated the feasibility of monitoring Earth's cloud cover and weather patterns from space. This NASA program provided the first accurate weather forecasts based on data gathered from space. In this image, TIROS undergoes vibration testing at the Astro-Electronic Products Division of RCA in Princeton, New Jersey. Image Credit: NASA

Discovery 'GO' For April Launch

The STS-131 crew will deliver a multi-purpose logistics module filled with science racks and perform three spacewalks at the orbital outpost, during its April mission. › Shuttle Section › Timeline › Share Comments › @NASA_Astronauts Twitter

Soyuz Set for Launch; Station Crew Prepares for Space Travelers

New Expedition 23 flight engineers Alexander Skvortsov, Tracy Caldwell Dyson and Mikhail Kornienko will launch to the International Space Station on April 2. › Station Section

Exploring the Carina Nebula by Touch

Hubble's glimpse of the Carina Nebula is a feast for the eyes, where young stars sculpt a fantasy landscape of valleys and pillars. A new book brings this celestial fantasy into view for those who cannot explore the image by sight. › Learn More

Ulu Legong - Hot Spring Recreation Center

Ulu Legong is about 30 km drive to the North-East of Baling. Baling Town lies to the south east of Kedah State. This natural hot water spring has upgraded its facilities for the convenience of visitors. Overnight accommodation is provided here. It is always fascinating to shower one self with the natural hot spring water and wonder how it came to be. Many will attest to some healing properties from the mineral rich water that is attributed to hot springs here and throughout Malaysia. Children will definitely have a good time.

Lasor Eco Park

4WD enthusiasts converge upon this thrill in the quest for awesome challenge and exciting exploration amidst the remote, dense forest haven. Located within the Ulu Muda Eco Park, Lasor affords much more super obstacles that demand extreme endurance, perseverance, energy and ingenuity to achieve personal triumph.
The journey from Alor Star takes 1 hour 45 minutes or just 30 minutes from Baling to Kampung Lubuk Pelanduk where there would be the services of 4WD vehicles only to take visitors for another 11km to the Park.
Facilities provided here are the dining hall, surau, bathrooms, as well as areas for recreational, motivational and physical activities. Also available are long-house, chalet and camping accommodation. Besides 4x4 endurance challenge, activities that could be carried out here are forest ecology and wildlife studies. Best of all, visitors are accessible to forest, river and hill explorations.



eQSL Card (Recieved)

eQSL Card (Recieved)

igq107 QSL Card

igq107 QSL Card


“send a postcard and receive a postcard back from a random person somewhere in the world!”


Amateur radio service is defined in the Communication and Multimedia (Spectrum) Regulations 2000 as a radiocommunications service (covering both terrestrial and satellite) in which a station is used for the purpose of self traning, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by authorized persons who are interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without any pecuniary interest.


Regulation 27(1) of the Communications and Multimedia (Technical Standards) Regulations 2000 states that no person shall undertake or conduct any activity in designated skil area unless that person is certified. Amateur radio operator has been gazetted as a designated skill area category under the regulation, hence to operate an amateur radio station a person needs to have an appropriate proficiency and skill i.e. certified in this area.


Please ensure that the radio transmision does not cause interference to any other radio services. Regulation 15(1) of the Communications and Multemedia (Technical Standards) Regulations 2000 states that no person shall intentionally design, install, operate, maintain or modify any communications equipment in a manner is likely to cause interference with, impairment, mulfunction of, or harm to any communications equipment or any other equipment.

Regulation 15(2) of the regulation denotes that a person who contravenes this regulation commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding three hundred thousand ringgit (RM 300,000.00) or to imprisonment for a term of not exceeding three years or to both.

To eliminate the potential of interferences, the following procedures must be followed strictly:-

a) Ensure that suffient equipment, tools and test gear is available and can used to monitor and verify that your transmission does not cause any interference to other radio services.

b) You must responsible if your amateur radio is found to be the caused of interference. Immediate remedy action must be taken to rectify the problems in case of interference.

c) Ensure that the transmission do not exceed the level of over deviation.

d) Ensure that the radiated energy is always within the narrowest posible frequency bands for any class of emission in use.

e) The radiation of harmonics and spurious emissions should be suppressed to minimize interference.

Historical Description of Amateur Radio: From the Encyclopedia Britannica:-

Interest in amateur radio arose around the turn of the century, shortly after the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi successfully sent the first transatlantic wireless signal in 1901. The interference of amateur broadcasts with commercial and military transmissions led to the institution of government control in 1911. After World War I, amateurs became active in radio experimentation, contributing to developments in long-distance broadcasting and becoming the first radio operators successfully to exploit the upper medium-frequency and lower high-frequency radio bands. Over the years, amateur radio operators have also provided emergency communications during forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and other disasters. They serve as an important link between stricken communities and the outside world until normal communications are reestablished.Amateur radio operators in the United States are subject to international and federal regulations. There are five classes of licenses. Competence in the use of the International Morse Code and a knowledge of radio theory and regulation are required to obtain the advanced-level licenses. Amateur radio is allocated frequencies at the extreme high-frequency end of the medium-wave band, five groups of frequencies in the shortwave band, two groups in the veryhigh-frequency band, three in the ultrahigh-frequency band, and seven in the superhigh-frequency band for telegraphic and telephonic communication using amplitude and frequency modulation. There are restrictions on the power of the transmitters, and certain of the frequencies must be shared with due regard for the needs of other users.


DIY Printed circuit board

How To Make A PCB




FOX TX with MP3 PLAYER Function as CWID'er (YC5NBX)