Recorded history shows that in the 5th century AD, traders plying the east-west trade route stopped at the port of Kuala Muda, using Gunung Jerai, Kedah's highest peak, as a navigational point.

The ruins of ancient Candi (temples) in the Bujang Valley show that a Hindu-Buddhist civilization existed here and may have been one of the first places to have come into contact with Indian traders. How important this kingdom was, is still being researched as more artifacts are unearthed.

During the 7th and 8th centuries, Kedah paid tribute to the Sumatran Srivijaya Empire. After the decline of the empire, it became a vassal state to the Thais until the 15th Century when the rise of Malacca led to the Islamization of the area. Kedah faced Portuguese and Achehnese attacks in the 17th century, but it again fell into Thai hands in 1821.

The Thais handed Kedah over to the British in 1909, and after the Japanese occupation, it became one of the states of the Malayan Union and subsequently the Federation of Malaya in 1948.

All My Friends


Thursday, February 25, 2010


By Rohana Mustaffa - Thursday, February 25

KUALA LUMPUR, Feb 25 (Bernama) -- In the narration of a hadith, the Prophet had once said, which means :"Bless those who saw me and believed in me (he said this once) and bless who did not see but believed in me (he said this seven times)".
To the ulama, welcoming the Prophet's birthday or Maulidur Rasul means remembering and having faith in the Prophet that also brings the realisation of Allah's greatness. In the Surah Al-Hajj, Allah has spelt out, the words that carries the meaning:" Anybody who glorifies greatness, it depicts the person's taqwa”. (Taqwá is the Islamic concept of God-consciousness. Taqwa is defined as the state of being conscious of Allah. Avoiding actions that lead to Allah`s anger and disapproval while consciously undertaking steps and actions that will please Allah).

Hence Maulidur Rasul is celebrated with the sense of taqwa be it at any functions including ceramah or forum to bring Muslims closer to appreciating the Prophet's noble values, avoiding what he had disapproved and doing what he pleased as well as inviting others to join his dakwah, among others.


Among the Prophet's teachings is for man to always to do good. Muslims were told to be equally fair to both friends and foes, practise the spirit of brotherhood apart from living peacefully in a community and rendering assistance for the performance of good deeds. The Prophet himself had lived among the infidel Quraish community in Mecca but he, along with those who had embraced Islam, introduced the spirit and sense of brotherhood to the non-Muslim community.
When the Prophet's companions, who were originally infidels who had converted to Islam, the Prophet had never barred them from doing good to their family members who had yet to be Muslims. “Unfortunately, many among us choose to be against each other. As if resolving differences via conflicts is a better way of finding the solution as compared to settling the dispute in an amicable manner," according to the Malaysian Institute of Islamic Understanding (Ikim) Fellow Azrina Sobian. In her article about the disputes that occurred in the Malaysian society recently, she reminded that history had proven that conflicts that were not handled well can give rise to catastrophes.


She said many among us had placed greed and self-interest apart from having failed or declined to accept the detrimental effects of the differences where such conflicts could have been averted.
Azrina, who is Ikim's Science and Environmental Studies Fellow, wrote that preferring splits over unity is well against the principle of Islam. Islam advocates unity and brotherhood (mentioned in Surah an-Nisaa’ 4:1, Surah al-Hujuraat 49:10) and admonishes disunity (Surah ali-Imran 3:103). Islam calls on us to know and understand each other (Surah al-Hujuraat 49:13) to achieve prosperity in life. “Witness the beauty of what Islam sees in the spirit of brotherhood. Unfortunately at present, the negligence, misunderstanding and refusal to embrace this demand has led us to be involved in disputes rather than being good to one another," she wrote. According to Azrina, if studied closely the reasons behind this, then man would return to the main trait of being greedy. Greed to become rich, to be leaders, greed to get all projects, to become the most popular and all forms of greed to the extent of jeopardising the peace and unity.


The key measure to correct the situation is by being aware of the respective facts and responsibility, wrote Azrina. "As members of the community, we have the responsibility to exercise wisdom to specifically weed out the evil elements that can lead us to splits. We need not believe all that reached our ears as what being passed around may not be the truth". Whatever it is, the main objective is to remain united and avoid splits, she wrote. "Have it ever crossed our mind that if we think that our opinion is correct, so are that from the others?" she asked. According to Azrina, this is the principle held by Imam Shafie on the different thinking of other ulama in his time. Imam Shafie had one said:“In God's name, I do not care if the truth is from my own tongue or that of my enemy”. This means that Imam Shafie had wanted to avoid splits and differences that could arise from conflicts of opinion and his main ojective is to preserve unity. This is what is known as 'unity amidst differences'. If each of us uphold this objective and unite, then many issues can be amicably resolved, wrote Azrina. Therefore, seek unity and not splits, as in the words of Al-Subki, the author of biographies on figures in the Shafie Sect.
“Without a conflict, it is a blessing".


Wednesday, February 24, 2010

Le Tour de Langkawi

Le Tour de Langkawi
De 20 lagene er klare.

Pressemelding:20 TEAMS CONFIRMED FOR LTDL 2010

THE final list of 20 teams to contest the 15th edition of Le Tour de Langkawi (LTdL) 2010 from March 1 to 7 has been confirmed with American team Kelly Benefit Services completing the line-up yesterday.
Apart from Kelly Benefit Strategies, which is registered in Minneapolis, the Colombian national team and Thailand have been roped in to replace ProTour teams Astana and Caisse d'Epargne who could not make the race, although they were on the initial list of the organisers.
The line-up for LTdL 2010 is led by one ProTour team, Footon-Servetto from Spain, two Professional Continental teams - ISD-Neri (Italy) and Vorarlberg-Corratec (Austria).
The remaining teams are made up of 12 Continental teams - Drapac-Porsche (Australia), Tabriz Petrochemical (Iran), Seoul Cycling Team (South Korea), Marco Polo Cycling Team (China), Aisan Racing Team (Japan), Max Success Sport (China), Le Tua Cycling Team (Malaysia), Team Geumsan Ginseng Asia (South Korea), Team Jayco-Skins (Australia), Azad University (Iran), Giant Asia Racing Team (Taiwan) and Kelly Benefit Strategies (USA).
Five national teams complete the line-up. They are South Africa, Kazakhstan, Colombia, Thailand and Malaysia.
The Colombian national team features the interesting return to LTdL of 2002 overall winner Hernan Dario Munoz, winner of the Genting Highlands stage for two consecutive years in 2002 and 2003 when he was riding for the Colombia-Selle Italia team under charismatic director Gianni Savio.
The Thai national team makes its first appearance in the Tour began in 1996, taking it's turn from the Indonesian and Philippines national teams who had been invited prior to this.
Apart from Kelly Benefit Services, three other Continental teams will be making their debuts in this year's race - Aisan Racing Team, Max Success Sports and Geumsan Ginseng, who will feature Malaysian sprinter Anuar Manan.


The 15th edition of the UCI (Hors Category) stage race will take place from Kota Bharu - Kuala Berang (174.5km); Kuala Terengganu - Chukai (182.3km); Pekan - Mersing (145.6km); Mersin-Parit Sulong (163.5km); Muar - Port Dickson (111.5km) Putrajaya - Genting Highlands (102.8km) and Kuala Kubu Baru - Dataran Merdeka (133.7km), covering a total distance of 1013.9km. A total of 120 riders from 20 teams including two local teams are expected to take part in the event, Le Tour de Langkawi 2010.

Tuesday, February 23, 2010

CryoSat Satellite Scheduled to launch February 25th, 2010 - Satellite Imaging News


ESA's CryoSat the most sophisticated satellite ever to investigate the Earth's ice fields and map ice thickness over water and land
HOUSTON, TX, February 20, 2010 /Global Warming PR News/ -- ESA's CryoSat the most sophisticated satellite ever to investigate the Earth's ice fields and map ice thickness over water and land is scheduled to launch February 25, 2010 at 14:57 CET (13:57 UTC). The launcher is operated by the international space company Kosmotras. Its primary objective is to test the prediction that Arctic sea ice is thinning due to global warming.To read full story and view images visit here http://news.satimagingcorp.com/2010/02/1391.html#The CryoSat satellite sensor whose name comes from the Greek kruos meaning icy cold - carries the first all-weather microwave radar altimeter. The instrument has been optimized for determining changes in the thickness of both floating sea ice, which can be up to several meters, and polar land ice sheets, which in Antarctica can be up to five kilometers. The mission will deliver data on the rate of change of the ice thickness accurate to within one centimeter.Data from CryoSat will lead to a better understanding of the dynamics of ice mass, provide the scientific community with valuable information on this variable and contribute to climate change studies.CryoSat will also survey the surface of continental ice sheets to detect small elevation changes. CryoSat's high spatial resolution radar altimeter is capable of operating in a number of modes, optimized for measurement over different surfaces.For some years, satellites such as Envisat, ASTER and Landsat 7 +ETM have been mapping the extent of ice cover. However, in order to understand how climate change is affecting these sensitive regions, there is an urgent need to determine how the thickness of the ice is changing.Satellite image data is expected to contribute to a wide array of global change-related application areas for vegetation and ecosystem dynamics, hazard monitoring, geology and soil analysis, land surface climatology, hydrology, land cover change, and the generation of orthorectified digital elevation models (DEMs).In addition to changes in the atmosphere's composition, changes in the land surface can have important effects on climate. For example, land change can affect temperature by changing how much solar radiation the land reflects and absorbs. Processes such as deforestation, reforestation, desertification and urbanization often contribute to changes (including temperature, wind and precipitation) in the places they occur. These effects may be significant regionally, but reduced when averaged over the entire globe.With regard to studies about the Earth's cryosphere, high resolution satellite sensors such as the GeoEye-1 at 0.41m resolution, WorldView-2 at 0.46m, Worldview-1, QuickBird, and IKONOS, these sensors will be an important tool for tracking changes in the Arctic and elsewhere.About Satellite Imaging Corporation:Satellite Imaging Corporation (SIC), a privately held technology company that provides high resolution satellite imagery from satellite sensors such as GeoEye-1, WorldView-2 Worldview-1, QuickBird, IKONOS, SPOT-5 and other remote sensing products for analysis and mapping applications such as Geographic Information System (GIS).The company specializes in mono and stereo satellite imaging technology producing seamless orthorectified satellite imaging mosaics DEM's and 3D terrain models for many industries using CAD and GIS applications including engineering and construction, homeland security, defense, intelligence and disaster response using high and medium resolution mono and stereo satellite image data.
For more information contact:
Satellite Imaging Corporation
12777 Jones Road, Suite 370Houston,
Texas 77070-4671U.S.A.

Shuttle Endeavour back safely from space

Sun Feb 21, 10:23 pm ET
CAPE CANAVERAL, Florida (Reuters) � Space shuttle Endeavour landed safely in Florida on Sunday, ending a 14-day mission to the International Space Station.
Endeavour and its six-member crew glided onto the runway at the Kennedy Space Center at 10:20 p.m. EST, after double-sonic booms signaled the spaceship had dropped beneath the sound barrier for first time since its predawn blastoff on February 8.
(Reporting by Irene Klotz; Editing by Tom Brown)

NASA image shows the space shuttle Endeavour shot from the International Space Station (ISS). Endeavour undocked from the ISS after completing a nine-day mission, which consisted in delivering a module dubbed Tranquility.(AFP/NASA/File)

The space shuttle Endeavour returns to the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida, February 21, 2010.REUTERS/Craig Rubadoux/Pool

The space shuttle Endeavour lands at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral, Florida. After finding a break in the rainy weather at two US landing sites, Endeavour descended to a landing in Florida to end a two-week mission that pushed the long running assembly of the International Space Station close to completion.(AFP/Jim Watson)

Fact file on US space shuttle Endeavour's mission to install a new model at the International Space Station. After finding a break in the rainy weather at two US landing sites, Endeavour descended to a landing in Florida to end a two-week mission that pushed the long running assembly of the International Space Station close to completion.(AFP/Graphic)

More Go To : http://news.yahoo.com/s/nm/20100222/sc_nm/us_space_shuttle_146

Special Tnx to YC5NBX for the infomations about Messages From Earth "SAIL AWAY" with LIGHTSAIL and IKAROS and "GO TO MARS" - send your name to MARS.


Participation Certificate GO TO MARS

Artist Concept of the Mars Science Laboratory Rover

Our name will be included with others on a Microchip on the Mars Science Laboratory Rover heading to MARS in 2011.

Sunday, February 21, 2010


Participation Certificate "SAIL AWAY" With LIGHTSAIL And IKAROS

Two pioneering missions are preparing to set sail and you can be aboard!

Lightsail, a project of The Planetary Society, will merge the ultra-light technology of nanosats with the ultra-large technology of solar sails setting a course to the stars. LightSail-1 is the beginning of an innovative program that will launch three separate spacecraft over the course of several years.

IKAROS (Interplanetary Kite-craft Accelerated by Radiation Of the Sun) is a solar sail which gathers sunlight as propulsion by means of a large sail. This solar powered sail craft will employ both photon propulsion and thin film solar power generation during its interplanetary cruise. IKAROS will be launched together with the Venus Climate Orbiter, 'Akatsuki' in fiscal 2010 by JAXA.


SUMMARY - FT 2000 & FT 2000D

FT-2000 100 WATT & FT-2000D 200 WATT HF+6 TRANSCEIVERS
Now includes additional features of PEP200-Performance Enhancement Program

The FT-2000 and FT-2000D are the 2nd Generation in the proud lineage of the FTdx9000 Series! Featuring extensive DSP filtering, 100 & 200 Watts of power output respectively, and a host of outstanding ergonomic and performance features, the FT-2000 and FT-2000D are destined to be the centerpiece of your HF/50 MHz station!
For The Features Go To : http://www.yaesu.com


FT DX 5000 HF/50 MHz 200W Transceiver Series

The FT DX 5000 Series HF/50 MHz 200 Watt Transceivers are a new Premium Class of Yaesu radios with 2 Independent Receivers plus many unique options and accessories designed to meet the Performance Requirements of even the most demanding serious Amateur Radio operator.
For The Features Go To : http://www.yaesu.com

Saturday, February 20, 2010

Places To Go - Sungai Sedim, Kulim, Kedah

Adjudged Asia Pacific’s top 5 white water destinations by an independent panel of international experts, Sedim has to be on the priority list of all white water aficionados. Besides, there are more reasons to be there. There is an operator that organizes white water activities along the 15km Sedim River on prior appointments.
Located about 2 hours from Alor Star or 30 minutes from Kulim Hi-Tech Park, visitors can experience thrills and fun activities that include rafting, tubing, kayaking, camping and trekking or mountain biking and climbing to the nearby Gunung Bintang.

Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Places To Go - Pantai Merdeka, Kedah

Kedah is also endowed with a beautiful 1 km stretch of white sandy beach known as Pantai Merdeka, approximately 60 km south of Alor Setar.
This enchanting beach is shaded by tall swaying palms, under which one may spend leisurely hours - picnicking or just lazing the hours away, Water skiing and sailing are also popular along this stretch of coastal water.
The mountains and hills of Kedah offer a number of lovely picnic spots set within verdant greenery, cool mountain streams and the invigorating freshness of the mountain air.

Places To Go - Lembah Bujang. Kedah

Lembah Buiang, lying between Gunung Jerai in the north and Sungai Muda in the south, is regarded as Malaysia's richest archaeological area.

The Bujang Valley Archaeological Museum in Pengkalan Bujang, Merbok houses numerous artificial stone caskets, gem stones, beads, etc. Fifty (50) candis or temples were found along Sungai Bujang and to date eight (8) of them have been restored to their original form using the same original materials, visitors interested in history and archaeology should not miss out on this area in Kedah.

Places To Go - Gunung Jerai, Kedah

At 1,200 m above level, Kedah Peak, as it was previously known,is a majestic limestone hill, covered by lush greenery offering spectacular views of the valley below of a vast expanse of relaxingly cool green padi fields. At the peak, you can find the forestry museum where many species of wood from gunung jerai forest are displayed. Perfect for jungle trekking, bird watching and camping.
From the historical viewpoint, Gunung Jerai plays an important part in the history of Kedah. Even before the Malacca Sultanate became famous, Indian and Arab merchants were already making a beeline for the Merbok estuary at the foothills.
After travelling from the Bay of Bengal, the first glimpse of this strategically located mountain was a welcoming beacon to the sea farers. As a result, they traded and even settled down at the foothills.
Considering this place to be sacred, traders built a complex of temples that have now been excavated and preserved at the Lembah Bujang Archeological Museum site.
Like all other mountains, Gunung Jerai has its fair share of history and fascinating tales. Legend has it that Raja Bersiong, the 'king of fangs', once had his ancient kingdom within the Bujang Valley, at the foot of the mountain. Recent archeological findings revealed the existence of the "Temple of the Ninth Water Pool"; many believe that it was Raja Bersiong's private pool.
Relics uncovered in the area provide evidence of a Hindu-Buddhist civilisation dating back to the fourth century A. D. Isolated from the other mountain ranges of Peninsular Malaysia, Gunung Jerai has a unique range of medicinal plants and herbs not found in other mountains
Today, Gunung Jerai is Kedah's premier hill resort and recreational park. On a clear day atop the peak, the cool, refreshing mountain offers spectacular views of the rolling paddy fields of Kedah stretching up to Perlis, and the islands of Penang in the south and Langkawi in the north-west.
At the peak of the mountain, the Museum of Forestry houses a wealth of information and artefacts on Malaysian forestry. The museum is housed in a beautiful traditional Malaysian house. It's located on a short distance from the Peranginan Gunung Jerai Resort. At the museum visitors can derive useful information on Malaysian forests and learn among other things, the commercial and medicinal uses of different indigenous plants.

Introduction to QSL Maker

Some time back there was a thread on QRP-L about making QSL cards with the computer. I had been doing this for some time, using quite a collection of graphics and publishing tools to acheive the desired result. All in all, I was pretty pleased with my card.
A lot of amateurs, however, don't have the collection of tools at their disposal that I have, and for many, simply looking at a blank screen gives them a sort of writer's block. I concluded that it would be kind of fun to write a program that would produce QSL cards easily.
Well, it has been a LOT more fun than I imagined. Even the very first, primitive version was well received. But the best part has been the steady stream of good ideas to improve the program from amateurs all over the world.

Refer to http://qslmaker.mi-nts.org/

Saturday, February 13, 2010


73 Best regards
88 Love and kisses

These are most number code are use during conversations..people will use it in all modes..what the most important here are how to pronounce it..example, it is 73 (seventy three) or 7 3 (seven three) ??
Nowadays, u still can hear on the air while conversations, one of the hams sign-off, people still say 73 (seventy three), this is not correct..suppose to be say 7 3 (seven three)..it's was same cases with RST (Readibily, Signal Strength & Tone)..in SSB mode, only RS will be use..if the audio & signal copy very good..the 59 is given..but how to say 59?? it is 59 (fifty nine) or 5 9 (five nine) or 5 by 9 or 5 & 9..??

All above there can be use except 59 (fifty nine)..should be not to say in one word..say in a separate words..that can be easy & frankly speaking..

73/88 de 9M2ODY

Copy Posted by 9M2ODY @ 9M2ody.blogspot.com



eQSL Card (Recieved)

eQSL Card (Recieved)

igq107 QSL Card

igq107 QSL Card


“send a postcard and receive a postcard back from a random person somewhere in the world!”


Amateur radio service is defined in the Communication and Multimedia (Spectrum) Regulations 2000 as a radiocommunications service (covering both terrestrial and satellite) in which a station is used for the purpose of self traning, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by authorized persons who are interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without any pecuniary interest.


Regulation 27(1) of the Communications and Multimedia (Technical Standards) Regulations 2000 states that no person shall undertake or conduct any activity in designated skil area unless that person is certified. Amateur radio operator has been gazetted as a designated skill area category under the regulation, hence to operate an amateur radio station a person needs to have an appropriate proficiency and skill i.e. certified in this area.


Please ensure that the radio transmision does not cause interference to any other radio services. Regulation 15(1) of the Communications and Multemedia (Technical Standards) Regulations 2000 states that no person shall intentionally design, install, operate, maintain or modify any communications equipment in a manner is likely to cause interference with, impairment, mulfunction of, or harm to any communications equipment or any other equipment.

Regulation 15(2) of the regulation denotes that a person who contravenes this regulation commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to a fine not exceeding three hundred thousand ringgit (RM 300,000.00) or to imprisonment for a term of not exceeding three years or to both.

To eliminate the potential of interferences, the following procedures must be followed strictly:-

a) Ensure that suffient equipment, tools and test gear is available and can used to monitor and verify that your transmission does not cause any interference to other radio services.

b) You must responsible if your amateur radio is found to be the caused of interference. Immediate remedy action must be taken to rectify the problems in case of interference.

c) Ensure that the transmission do not exceed the level of over deviation.

d) Ensure that the radiated energy is always within the narrowest posible frequency bands for any class of emission in use.

e) The radiation of harmonics and spurious emissions should be suppressed to minimize interference.

Historical Description of Amateur Radio: From the Encyclopedia Britannica:-

Interest in amateur radio arose around the turn of the century, shortly after the Italian inventor Guglielmo Marconi successfully sent the first transatlantic wireless signal in 1901. The interference of amateur broadcasts with commercial and military transmissions led to the institution of government control in 1911. After World War I, amateurs became active in radio experimentation, contributing to developments in long-distance broadcasting and becoming the first radio operators successfully to exploit the upper medium-frequency and lower high-frequency radio bands. Over the years, amateur radio operators have also provided emergency communications during forest fires, floods, hurricanes, and other disasters. They serve as an important link between stricken communities and the outside world until normal communications are reestablished.Amateur radio operators in the United States are subject to international and federal regulations. There are five classes of licenses. Competence in the use of the International Morse Code and a knowledge of radio theory and regulation are required to obtain the advanced-level licenses. Amateur radio is allocated frequencies at the extreme high-frequency end of the medium-wave band, five groups of frequencies in the shortwave band, two groups in the veryhigh-frequency band, three in the ultrahigh-frequency band, and seven in the superhigh-frequency band for telegraphic and telephonic communication using amplitude and frequency modulation. There are restrictions on the power of the transmitters, and certain of the frequencies must be shared with due regard for the needs of other users.


DIY Printed circuit board

How To Make A PCB




FOX TX with MP3 PLAYER Function as CWID'er (YC5NBX)